Date created: 06/10/14 14:16:09. Last modified: 06/24/19 09:13:39

'ssh', 'sshfs', 'scp' & 'rsync' - Notes

Local SOCKS5 proxy over SSH

ssh -C2qTnN -D 8080 [email protected]
-C Request compression of all data
-2 Enforce SSH protocol version 2
-q Qiuet mode
-T Disable pseudo-tty allocation
-n Prevents reading from stdin
-N Do not execute a remote command
-D[bind_addr:]port Specifies a local “dynamic” application-level port forwarding

-L [bind_address:]port:host:hostport Specifies that the given port on the local (client) host is to be forwarded to the given host and port on the remote side
-f Requests ssh to go to background just before command execution

# Socks proxy tunneled through two hosts - In the first example you need kill the background SSH process
# on the local machine and on On the second machine it just needs killing on because 
# no use of -f
# Redirect local port 8080 to IP on port 8080, connect to and redirect local port 8080 their to
# (Machine needs key authentication to 6.6.6 to keep authentication non-interactive)
ssh -f -L 8080:localhost:8080 [email protected] "ssh -f -N -D 8080 [email protected]"

# runs SSH on non-standard port, and no -f keeps SSH in the front.
ssh -L 8080:localhost:8080 -p 2222 [email protected] "ssh -f -N -D 8080 [email protected]"

#Using the original SOCKs command on the final host:
ssh -nL 8080:localhost:8080 [email protected] "ssh -C2qnN -D 8080 [email protected]"


Redirect local port to port on remote machine for firewall bypass;

ssh -N -L 7878:localhost:7878 [email protected]
# Telnet to local port 7878 will connect you to remotehost:7878
telnet 7878


Reverse SSH to a machine behind NAT using a machine outside of the NAT (such as public IP);

# On the machine behind the NAT
ssh -R 5555:localhost:22 remoteus[email protected]
# Then SSH to the machine with public IP from a remote location.
# On the machine with public IP SSH to self on redirected port
ssh localhost -p 5555

# Alternatively, use a ProxyJump command in ~/.ssh/config:
Host remoteserver-hostname
HostName ip.addr.of.remoteserver
Port 5678
ProxyJump [email protected]:1234
User remoteserver-user

# Or directly on the CLI with -J:
ssh -J [email protected]:22 [email protected]

Force cipher, MAC and key exchange from client:

ssh -c [email protected] -m [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

Mount remote filesystem;

# via smb
sudo smbmount // /media/smbserver/ -o username=bensley
# via sshfs
sudo sshfs -o idmap=user -o allow_other [email protected]:/path/to/bensley /media/smbserver/
# Via sshfs with non-standard ssh port
sudo sshfs -o idmap=user -o allow_other -o ssh_command="ssh -p 65535" [email protected]:/path/to/bensley /media/smbserver
# SSHFS to a box through an intermediate box (jump host), both on non-standard ports (jump box on 1234, end host on 5678)
sshfs -o idmap=user -o allow_other -o ssh_command="ssh -J [email protected]:1234 -p 5678" [email protected]:/a/path/ /local/mount/point


# Common rsync options
# a = archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
# c = skip based on checksum, not mod-time & size
# D = same as --devices --specials
# g = preserve group
# h = output numbers in a human-readable format
# i = output a change-summary for all updates
# l = copy symlinks as symlinks
# o = preserve owner (super-user only)
# p = preserve permissions
# P = same as --partial and --progress (don't delete partial transfers, show progress of current transfer)
# r = recurse
# t = preserves times
# v = increase verbosity
# z = use compression
# --compress-level=9 = set the compression level to 9 (max)
# --devices = preserve device files (super-user only)
# --delete-during = delete files as we go (don't scan through before hand or after, faster)
# --force = force the deletion of non-empty directorys
# --ignore-errors = ignore I/O errors when deleting files
# --specials = preserve special files
# --stats print out transfer stats at the end

# Example when copying from a remote rsync folder name "pair1" defined in the rsyncd config, which helps to hide the full path on the remote side:
rsync -rzhitP --delete-during --ignore-errors --force --stats --compress-level=9 [email protected]::pair1 /backup/pair1

Resume rsync failed transfer over non-standard port (with a bandwidth limit):

rsync -rlptgoDivc --progress --stats --partial --bwlimit=300 -e "ssh -p 1234" [email protected]:~/path/*.txt /media/storage/backup