Date created: 01/11/14 14:44:51. Last modified: 09/27/17 15:44:01

VRF & L3VPN Packet Leaking

Example 1: Packet leaking from VRF to GRT

CE for AS50 is inside VPN VRF Cust 1, PE for AS100 has static default global route inside VRF to allow break out to Internet and static route in global using next hop interface to route back into the VRF for returning Internet traffic (PE router for AS200's loopback represents "The  Internet");

CEAS500

interface FastEthernet0/0
 ip address 10.0.50.50 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.50.100

PEAS100

ip vrf Cust1
 rd 100:1
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
 ip vrf forwarding Cust1
 ip address 10.0.50.100 255.255.255.0
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
 ip address 10.0.100.100 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 10.0.100.200
ip route 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0 FastEthernet0/0 
! The interface specification here allows traffic back into the VRF ! ip route vrf Cust1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.100.200 global
! The global keyword here allows leaking from within the VRF to the default PE table,
! which contains full Internet routing

PEAS200

interface Loopback0
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
 ip address 10.0.100.200 255.255.255.0
!
ip route 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.100.100 ! PEAS100 would redistribute this subnet
! into BGP For global routing access

 

Example 2: Packet leaking between two L3 VPNs

PE1 is leaking a route into the cust1 VRF for the customer 2 host (10.0.2.1/32) via a next hop in it's Global Routing Table, that points to PE2's GRT loopback0 address. PE2 is leaking a route into the cust2 VRF that routes to the customer 1 host (10.0.1.1/32) via a next hop in it's GRT, that points to PE1's GRT loopback0.

For the return routes, PE1 has a route in it's GRT that points to the customer 1 host (10.0.1.1/32) via the interface the customer 1 host is connected to (fa0/0, because that interface is inside the VRF cust1). Vice verse, PE2 has a route in it's GRT that points to the customer 2 host (10.0.2.1/32) via the interface the customer 2 host is connected to (fa0/0, because the interface is inside the VRF cust2).

hostname VRF1-HOST1

interface FastEthernet0/0
 ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
 exit

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.1.254
hostname PE1

ip vrf cust1
 rd 10.0.0.1:100
 route-target export 65001:100
 route-target import 65001:100
 exit

ip vrf cust2
 rd 10.0.0.1:200
 route-target export 65002:100
 route-target import 65002:100
 exit

interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
 exit

interface FastEthernet0/0
 description Link to VRF1-HOST1
 ip vrf forwarding cust1
 ip address 10.0.1.254 255.255.255.0
 exit

interface FastEthernet0/1
 description Link to PE2
 ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.252
 ip ospf 1 area 0
 mpls ip
 exit

router ospf 1
 router-id 10.0.0.1
 passive-interface default
 no passive-interface FastEthernet0/1
 network 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 area 0
 exit

router bgp 1
 bgp router-id 10.0.0.1
 neighbor 10.0.0.2 remote-as 1
 neighbor 10.0.0.2 update-source Loopback0
 
 address-family ipv4
  no neighbor 10.0.0.2 activate
 exit-address-family
 
 address-family vpnv4
  neighbor 10.0.0.2 activate
  neighbor 10.0.0.2 send-community extended
  neighbor 10.0.0.2 next-hop-self
 exit-address-family
 
 address-family ipv4 vrf cust1
  redistribute connected
 exit-address-family

 exit

ip route 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.255 FastEthernet0/0
ip route vrf cust1 10.0.2.1 255.255.255.255 10.0.0.2 global
hostname PE2

ip vrf cust1
 rd 10.0.0.2:100
 route-target export 65001:100
 route-target import 65001:100
 exit

ip vrf cust2
 rd 10.0.0.2:200
 route-target export 65002:100
 route-target import 65002:100
 exit

interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.255
 exit

interface FastEthernet0/0
 description Link to VRF2-HOST1
 ip vrf forwarding cust2
 ip address 10.0.2.254 255.255.255.0
 exit

interface FastEthernet0/1
 description Link to PE1
 ip address 192.0.2.2 255.255.255.252
 ip ospf 1 area 0
 mpls ip
 exit

router ospf 1
 router-id 10.0.0.2
 passive-interface default
 no passive-interface FastEthernet0/1
 network 10.0.0.2 0.0.0.0 area 0
 exit

router bgp 1
 bgp router-id 10.0.0.2

 neighbor 10.0.0.1 remote-as 1
 neighbor 10.0.0.1 update-source Loopback0
 
 address-family ipv4
  no neighbor 10.0.0.1 activate
 exit-address-family
 
 address-family vpnv4
  neighbor 10.0.0.1 activate
  neighbor 10.0.0.1 send-community extended
  neighbor 10.0.0.1 next-hop-self
 exit-address-family
 
 address-family ipv4 vrf cust2
  redistribute connected
 exit-address-family
 
 exit

ip route 10.0.2.1 255.255.255.255 FastEthernet0/0
ip route vrf cust2 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.255 10.0.0.1 global
hostname VRF2-HOST1

interface FastEthernet0/0
 ip address 10.0.2.1 255.255.255.0

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.2.254
PE1#show ip route | b 10
      10.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 3 subnets
C        10.0.0.1 is directly connected, Loopback0
O        10.0.0.2 [110/2] via 192.0.2.2, 01:06:05, FastEthernet0/1
S        10.0.1.1 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
      192.0.2.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks
C        192.0.2.0/30 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
L        192.0.2.1/32 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

PE2#show ip route | b 10
      10.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 3 subnets
O        10.0.0.1 [110/2] via 192.0.2.1, 01:06:19, FastEthernet0/1
C        10.0.0.2 is directly connected, Loopback0
S        10.0.2.1 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
      192.0.2.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks
C        192.0.2.0/30 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
L        192.0.2.2/32 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

PE1#show ip route vrf cust1 | b 10
      10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks
C        10.0.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
L        10.0.1.254/32 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
S        10.0.2.1/32 [1/0] via 10.0.0.2

PE1#show ip route vrf cust2 | b 10
      10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
B        10.0.2.0 [200/0] via 10.0.0.2, 00:35:31


PE2#show ip route vrf cust1 | b 10
      10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
B        10.0.1.0 [200/0] via 10.0.0.1, 00:35:43

PE2#show ip route vrf cust2 | b 10
      10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks
S        10.0.1.1/32 [1/0] via 10.0.0.1
C        10.0.2.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
L        10.0.2.254/32 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0